Forest Code may derail Brazilian target of emissions reduction


Jan 1st 2011 Although Federal Government has announced the National Policy on Climate Changes, the alterations in the Forest Code can represent the emission of up to 26 billion tons of greenhouse gases and thus affect the Brazilian target of carbon dioxide reduction, according to a Climate Centre report, released in November.

The changes in the Code were presented in a report by congressman Aldo rebelo and approved in a special Chamber commission. During COP 16, at Dec. 14, agrarians tried to include in the Congress agenda the urgency character of the Code, to put it to vote before other projects in 2011, which did not happen in fact.

The amendments include:
- Reduction of permanent preservation areas (PPAs) at the riversides from 30 to 15 meters;
- Exemption to native forest legal reserve for familiar agriculture;
- Properties with up to 4 fiscal modules (20 to 440 hectares, depending on the country region) do not need to recover the area if deforesting has occurred before laws promulgation. In the other properties it will be necessary to recover vegetation, however the calculation will not be based on the total area of the property: the calculation base is the area that exceeds four fiscal modules;
- Hilltops and areas above 1800 m are no longer protected. Other areas, even those formally protected, will be able to be occupied by plantation, pasture or constructions, if they have been cleared until 2008 and are considered consolidated areas.

Read the study at (in portuguese):
http://oc.org.br/cms/arquivos/relatorio_cfb_final.pdf
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